Sanskrit B

Bred rule

Badarayana: “Inhabitant of Badarika Ashrama” a title of the sage Vyasa.

Badrinath: One of the major centers of Hindu pilgrimage, sacred to Vishnu, located in the heart of the Himalayas.

Bahya: External; outward.

Bala brahmacharya: Brahmacharya observed from childhood (bala).

Balarama: Sri Krishna’s elder brother, also called “Balai.”

Bandha: “Lock;” bond; bondage; tie or knot.

Bel: A tree whose leaves are sacred to Siva; also the fruit of the same tree.

Bhadra: Blessing; happy; well.

Bhagavad Gita: “The Song of God.” The sacred philosophical text often called “the Hindu Bible,” part of the epic Mahabharata by Vyasa; the most popular sacred text in Hinduism.

Bhagavan: The Lord; the Personal God. From bhag–splendor and power–and van–Master or possessor (of splendor and power). Bhagavan possesses six divine attributes: knowledge (jnana), strength (bala), lordship (aishwarya), potency or power (shakti), creative power or might (virya), and splendor/radiance (tejas). See Ishwara.

Bhagavata: A devotee of God (Bhagavan) or Vishnu.

Bhagavatam: Srimad Bhagavatam. A major purana devoted to the glory and worship of Vishnu and his incarnation as Krishna. The major scripture of the Vaishnavas.

Bhagavati: Goddess; the feminine form of Bhagavan.

Bhairava: Shiva.

Bhairavi: A nun of the Tantric sect.

Bhajan(a): Devotional singing; a devotional song; remembrance (of God).

Bhakta: Devotee; votary; a follower of the path of bhakti, divine love; a worshipper of the Personal God.

Bhakti: Devotion; dedication; love (of God).

Bhakti Marga: The path of devotion leading to union with God.

Bhakti Yoga: The yoga of attaining union with God through the prescribed spiritual discipline of the path of devotion.

Bhakti Yogi: One who practices Bhakti Yoga.

Bhaktivedanta (Swami): The founder of the Hari Krishna movement in America.

Bharat(a): The proper Sanskrit name for India.

Bharat Giri Maharaj: Bharat Giri Maharaj was a Gujarati sadhu who visited America in the summer of 1999. At his passing in 2002 he was between one hundred and thirty or one hundred and forty years of age, a great yogi and visionary. What it was to be in his presence is beyond description, but the exaltedness of his consciousness was very obvious. Therefore I include his words on the Pranava in this section.

Bharati: Indian

Bharat[a]varsha: The land of India.

Bhasha: Language; gentle and holy talk.

Bhashma: Ash, usually from the sacred fire sacrifice.

Bhashya: Commentary.

Bhava (1): Becoming, from the verb “bhu” or “bhavh” which means to become or to exist.

Bhava (2): Subjective state of being (existence); attitude of mind; mental attitude or feeling; state of realization in the heart or mind.

Bhava samadhi: Superconscious state attained by bhaktas or devotees through intense divine emotion in which the devotee retains his ego and enjoys communion with the Personal God.

Bhavamukha: An exalted state of spiritual experience, in which the aspirant keeps his mind on the borderline between the Absolute and the Relative. From this position he can contemplate the ineffable and attributeless Brahman and also participate in the activities of the relative world, seeing in it the manifestation of God alone.

Bhavanam: Meditation. “Bhavanam is setting the heart on the Lord Who is designated by Om and brought into the mind by It.” (Shankara, Commentary on the Yoga Sutras)

Bhavani: “Giver of Existence;” a title of the Divine Mother.

Bhavatarini: “Saviour of the World (or Universe);” a title of the Divine Mother, especially Kali.

Bhaya: Fear; terror.

Bheda: Difference; distinction; disjunction.

Bhiksha: Almsfood–food obtained by begging or that is offered to a monk.

Bhikshu: One who lives on bhiksha (almsfood); a mendicant; a sannyasi; a Buddhist monk.

Bodha: Consciousness; knowledge; “to be awake;” enlightenment.

Bhoga: Enjoyment, pleasure; experience; perception; also food (usually what has been offered to a deity).

Bhogya: Object of experience or enjoyment.

Bhokta: Enjoyer; experiencer; subject of experience or enjoyment.

Bhranti: Delusion; wrong notion; false idea or impression.

Bhranti-darshana: Delusion; erroneous view.

Bhrigu: An ancient sage, so illustrious that he mediated quarrels among the gods.

Bhuh: The earth; the material world/plane.

Bhukti: Enjoyment; material enjoyment.

Bhuloka: The material world/plane of atomic matter.

Bhuma: The unconditioned Infinite; Brahman.

Bhumi: The earth; realm.

Bhuta (1): What has come into being; an entity as opposed to the unmanifested; any of the five elementary constituents of the universe; element.

Bhuta (2): A spirit. Some bhutas are subhuman nature spirits or “elementals”, but some are earthbound human spirits–ghosts. Bhutas may be either positive or negative.

Bhutapanchaka: The Five Elements: ether, air, fire, water, and earth.

Bhuvaloka: The lesser astral world, similar to the material plane (Bhuloka).

Bhuvana: The universe; the world.

Bodha: Consciousness; knowledge; intelligence; spiritual wisdom; “to be awake;” enlightenment.

Bodhi: Enlightenment; “to be awakened.”

Bija: Seed; source.

Bija Mantra: A “seed” mantra from which realization grows as a tree from a seed; usually a single-syllable mantra that is called “seed” because of its small size as a dot or point of sound.

Bindu: Point; dot; seed; source; the point from which the subtle Omkara arises that is experienced in meditation.


Brahma: The Creator (Prajapati) of the three worlds of men, angels, and archangels (Bhur, Bhuwah, and Swah); the first of the created beings; Hiranyagarbha or cosmic intelligence.

Brahma satyam; jagan mithya; jivo brahmaiva naparah: “Brahman is real. The world is illusory. The jiva is nondifferent from Brahman.” This is Shankara’s renowned “Vedanta in half a verse.”

Brahma Sutras: A treatise by Vyasa on Vedanta philosophy in the form of aphorisms. Also called the Vedanta Sutras or Vedanta Darshana.

Brahma-anubhava: Direct personal experience of Brahman.

Brahmabhavanam: Meditation on Brahman; feeling of identity with Brahman, as well as of everything as Brahman.

Brahmachari: One who observes continence; a celibate student in the first stage of life (ashrama).

Brahmacharini: Female “brahmachari.”

Brahmacharya: Continence; self-restraint on all levels; discipline; dwelling in Brahman.

Brahma-chintana: Constant meditation on Brahman; constant thought of or awareness of God.

Brahmajnana: Direct, transcendental knowledge of Brahman; Self-realization.

Brahmajnani: One who possess Brahmajnana.

Brahmajyoti: The Light of God.

Brahmaloka: The world (loka) of Brahma, the Creator; the highest heaven; the world of supreme joy. Those who each this plane of existence after death are beyond rebirth.

Brahmamaya: Formed of Brahman; filled with Brahman.

Brahmamuhurta: “The muhurta of Brahman.” The period of one and a half hours before sunrise (sometime between 3:00 a.m. and 6:00 a.m.), which is said to be the best time for meditation and worship.

Brahman: The Absolute Reality; the Truth proclaimed in the Upanishads; the Supreme Reality that is one and indivisible, infinite, and eternal; all-pervading, changeless Existence; Existence-knowledge-bliss Absolute (Satchidananda); Absolute Consciousness; it is not only all-powerful but all-power itself; not only all-knowing and blissful but all-knowledge and all-bliss itself.

Brahmana: A knower of Brahman. A Brahmin. A Vedic liturgical text explaining the rituals found in the Vedic samhitas (collection of hymns). A guidebook for performing those rites.

Brahmananda: The bliss of communion with Brahman.

Brahmanda: “The egg of Brahma” or “the Brahmic egg.” The cosmic “egg;” the universe; the cosmos; the macrocosm.

Brahmanishtha: Remaining steadfast in the Absolute (Brahman). One who is firmly established in the Supreme being, in the direct knowledge of Brahman, the Absolute Reality.

Brahmarandhra: “The hole of Brahman,” the subtle (astral) aperture in the crown of the head. Said to be the gateway to the Absolute (Brahman) in the thousand-petaled lotus (sahasrara) in the crown of the head. Liberated beings are said to exit the physical body through this aperture at death.

Brahma-sakshatkara: Realization of Brahman; direct experience of the Absolute Being.

Brahmavadin: Literally “one who walks the path of Brahman.” One who advocates that there is one existence alone–Parabrahman.

Brahmavichara: Enquiry into the Absolute (Brahman).

Brahmavidya: Science of Brahman; knowledge of Brahman; learning pertaining to Brahman or the Absolute Reality.

Brahmic: Divine; pertaining to God (Brahman).

Brahmin (Brahmana): A knower of Brahman; a member of the highest Hindu caste consisting of priests, pandits, philosophers, and religious leaders.

Brihaspati: The guru–priest and teacher–of the gods.

Brihat: The great; the large.

Buddha: An awakened one (from the root verb budh: to enlighten, to know).

Buddhi: Intellect; understanding; reason; the thinking mind; the higher mind, which is the seat of wisdom; the discriminating faculty.

Buddhi Yoga: The Yoga of Intelligence spoken of in the Bhagavad Gita which later came to be called Jnana Yoga, the Yoga of Knowledge.

Originally posted 2016-04-05 14:49:20.

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *